At present, the use of feed additives in livestock and poultry breeding is more and more widely used, and farmers want to improve the efficiency of breeding through scientific selection and use of feed additives. The following will introduce a feed additive – sodium bicarbonate that is cheap, easy to use, and effective for farmers.
Abroad, sodium bicarbonate has been used as an animal feed additive (buffer) in cattle, sheep, pigs, chickens and other livestock and poultry breeding. sodium bicarbonate is a food additive. Its chemical name is sodium bicarbonate. It is a white crystalline powder, soluble in water and slightly alkaline. It can neutralize stomach acid and dissolve mucus when taken orally. Adding an appropriate amount of sodium bicarbonate to livestock and poultry feed can effectively improve the digestibility of livestock and poultry, accelerate the absorption and utilization of nutrients and the excretion of harmful substances, and have a positive effect on improving the anti-stress ability of livestock and poultry and promoting growth. .
Application of sodium bicarbonat in livestock and poultry breeding
1.1 Application of sodium bicarbonate in chicken production. Broilers and laying hens are now mostly raised on a large scale. During the breeding process, farmers hope to improve breeding efficiency while reducing the occurrence of diseases and improving carcass grades. Adding 0.1% to 0.5% sodium bicarbonate in the feed has obvious effects on improving the carcass grade and weight gain of chickens. It also improves the ability of chickens to resist heat stress, regulates the body’s acid-base balance, and improves eggshell strength and laying eggs. Rate and other effects. Using baking soda to replace part of the salt can reduce broiler water consumption, improve the sanitary quality of the litter, and improve the quality of the litter. Therefore, it can significantly reduce the incidence of chicken toe abnormalities and pleurisy.
1.2 Application of sodium bicarbonate in pig production During the breeding process of pigs, various growth stages will face different problems, such as survival rate, feed utilization efficiency and other practical problems. Adding sodium bicarbonate to the diet will have certain effects. Adding 3 to 4 g/(d·head) of sodium bicarbonate to the daily feed of fattening pigs can improve feed utilization; sows can be fed with sodium bicarbonate 15 days before farrowing and during lactation, with a dosage of 4 to 5 g /(D·head), can increase the sow’s milk production; adding 0.2 g/(d·head) of baking soda to the piglet’s mix can make up for the lack of lysine and increase the alkalinity of the diet, thereby promoting Transformation allows pigs to grow faster, gain more weight, and increase palatability. In the hot season, adding 250 mg of sodium bicarbonate per kilogram of feed can effectively alleviate the adverse effects of heat stress on pigs. It can also prevent the occurrence of red, yellow, and white scours in piglets, and increase the piglet breeding rate by more than 10%.
1.3 Application of sodium bicarbonate in Cattle and Sheep Breeding Cattle and sheep breeding is an important breeding project for farmers to increase their income. The majority of farmers are also paying more and more attention to the scientific breeding of cattle and sheep, and a large number of new breeding technologies are applied to cattle and sheep. Farming brings better benefits. Cattle and sheep have special digestion and absorption methods. Adding sodium bicarbonate in the feeding process can help cattle and sheep to better absorb and digest. sodium bicarbonate is weakly alkaline and acts as a buffer in the rumen of ruminants. It can neutralize the acidity of the green roughage and the organic acids produced by the microorganisms in the stomach, so that the pH in the rumen is basically maintained (pH=7) In order to provide microorganisms with a small environment suitable for survival, it is more conducive to the balance of microbial populations in the rumen, thereby enhancing their digestion of various foods they eat, greatly improving the appetite of cattle and sheep, and increasing the appetite of cattle and sheep. Feed intake. In particular, adding a proper amount of sodium bicarbonate to cattle concentrate can increase the appetite of cattle, prevent miscarriage, promote their growth, gain weight, reduce disease, enhance physical fitness and increase appetite.